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Cane Corso

Cane Corso

The Cane Corso, a majestic and formidable breed, hails from Italy and carries a rich history rooted in the days of the Roman Empire. Renowned for its loyalty, intelligence, and imposing presence, the Cane Corso stands as a symbol of protection and strength. With a muscular build and a confident demeanor, this breed excels as a guardian, adept at safeguarding both family and property. Despite its powerful exterior, the Cane Corso possesses a gentle and affectionate nature towards its loved ones, making it a beloved companion for those who can provide the structure and care it requires.


The Cane Corso, an impressive and powerful dog breed, has a rich history that dates back to ancient Roman times. The breed’s ancestry can be traced to the Molossian war dogs, a group of large, robust dogs used by Romans for guarding and combat. These dogs were known for their strength and bravery, often accompanying Roman legions into battle and serving as protectors of property and livestock. After the fall of the Roman Empire, the Molossian dogs were integrated into rural Italian life, where they were selectively bred by farmers to develop a breed that was both powerful and versatile, capable of guarding farmsteads, controlling large animals, and hunting wild boar​​.

The Cane Corso’s population saw a significant decline in the mid-20th century due to changes in agricultural practices and a reduced need for traditional working dogs. However, dedicated enthusiasts in the 1970s and 1980s initiated a revival of the breed, locating and documenting the remaining purebred Cane Corsos and establishing breeding programs to preserve and promote the breed. This effort led to the official recognition of the Cane Corso by the Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia Italiana (ENCI) in 1994, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), and the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 2010​​.

Today, the Cane Corso is celebrated for its loyalty, intelligence, and protective nature. It remains a formidable guardian and a beloved family companion, embodying the resilience and adaptability that have defined its history from ancient times to the present.

Cane Corso Temperament

The Cane Corso, a breed known for its protective nature and imposing presence, has a temperament that combines loyalty, intelligence, and a strong will. Here are some key aspects of the Cane Corso’s temperament:

  1. Protective and Loyal: Cane Corsos are deeply loyal to their families and have a natural instinct to protect their home and loved ones. They are often reserved with strangers, which makes them excellent watchdogs​.
  2. Intelligent and Trainable: This breed is highly intelligent and responsive to training, especially when positive reinforcement techniques are used. Early socialization and consistent training are crucial to ensure they develop into well-behaved adults. They thrive on structure and need an owner who can establish themselves as a confident leader​​.
  3. Affectionate with Family: Despite their formidable appearance, Cane Corsos can be affectionate and gentle with their family members, including children. However, due to their size and strength, they are better suited to families with older children who understand how to interact appropriately with a large dog​.
  4. Dominant and Strong-Willed: Cane Corsos have a strong, dominant personality and can be challenging for inexperienced dog owners. They require firm boundaries and consistent training to prevent unwanted behaviors such as dominance or aggression towards other animals​​.
  5. Active and Energetic: As a working breed, Cane Corsos need plenty of physical and mental exercise to stay healthy and happy. They enjoy activities such as jogging, hiking, and playing fetch. Without adequate exercise, they can become bored and potentially destructive​.

In summary, the Cane Corso is a powerful, protective, and loyal breed that requires an experienced owner who can provide the necessary training, socialization, and exercise. With the right care and leadership, they can be devoted and affectionate companions.

Cane Corso Bite Force

The Cane Corso has a powerful bite force, which is typically measured at around 700 PSI (pounds per square inch). This impressive bite force reflects the breed’s strength and its historical role as a guard dog and protector. The high bite force of the Cane Corso makes it essential for owners to provide proper training and socialization to ensure the dog is well-behaved and safe around people and other animals.

How Much Are Cane Corso

The cost of purchasing a Cane Corso puppy can vary widely based on several factors, including the dog’s lineage, breeder reputation, and location. Here are some general price ranges:

  1. Purchase from Breeders: On average, Cane Corso price of a puppy from a reputable breeder costs between $1,500 and $5,000. Puppies with superior pedigrees or desirable traits can cost significantly more, sometimes reaching up to $8,500 or more​.
  2. Adoption from Rescues: Adopting a Cane Corso from a rescue organization typically costs much less, around $300. This fee often includes vaccinations, spaying or neutering, and sometimes microchipping​​.

Additional Costs:

  • First-Year Expenses: Expect to spend approximately $4,500 in the first year. This includes the initial cost of the puppy, veterinary visits, vaccinations, spaying or neutering, microchipping, food, grooming, and supplies​.
  • Monthly Costs: Ongoing monthly expenses for a Cane Corso can range from $200 to $300. This includes food, treats, health insurance, grooming, and other supplies​​.

Regional Price Variations:

  • Northeast: $1,500 to $5,000
  • South: $1,200 to $3,500
  • Midwest: $1,000 to $3,000
  • West: $1,500 to $5,000​

These costs reflect the expenses associated with responsible breeding and care. It’s important to budget for both the initial purchase and the ongoing costs to ensure the well-being of your Cane Corso.

Cane Corso Life Expectancy

The life expectancy of a Cane Corso typically ranges from 9 to 12 years. This lifespan can be influenced by factors such as genetics, diet, exercise, and overall health care. Ensuring proper nutrition, regular veterinary check-ups, and adequate physical and mental stimulation can contribute to a healthy and long life for these dogs​.

Common Health Issues

Cane Corsos are generally healthy dogs, but like all breeds, they are prone to certain health issues. Common health problems in Cane Corsos include:

  1. Hip Dysplasia: A genetic condition where the hip joint doesn’t fit properly into the hip socket, leading to arthritis and pain. It can often be managed with weight control, exercise, and sometimes surgery​.
  2. Elbow Dysplasia: Similar to hip dysplasia, this condition affects the elbow joints and can cause pain and lameness. Treatment options include weight management, physical therapy, and surgery in severe cases​​.
  3. Bloat (Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus): A life-threatening condition where the stomach fills with gas and twists on itself. Symptoms include a distended abdomen, restlessness, and unproductive retching. Immediate veterinary attention is required, and preventative surgery (gastropexy) is sometimes recommended​​.
  4. Idiopathic Epilepsy: A neurological disorder that causes seizures. Management usually involves medication and regular veterinary care​​.
  5. Eyelid Abnormalities (Entropion and Ectropion): Entropion is when the eyelid rolls inward, causing the eyelashes to irritate the eye, while ectropion is the outward rolling of the eyelid. Both conditions can require surgical correction​​.
  6. Demodectic Mange: A skin condition caused by mites, leading to hair loss and skin infections. Treatment includes medicated baths, topical treatments, and sometimes oral medications​​.

These health issues underscore the importance of regular veterinary check-ups and responsible breeding practices to ensure the health and well-being of Cane Corsos.

Cane Corso Size

The average size of a Cane Corso varies between males and females. Here is a comparison:

Male Cane Corso

  • Height: Typically stands between 25 to 27.5 inches (64 to 70 cm) at the shoulder​​.
  • Weight: Generally weighs between 90 to 120 pounds (40 to 54 kg)​.

Female Cane Corso

  • Height: Usually measures between 23.5 to 26 inches (60 to 66 cm) at the shoulder​​.
  • Weight: Typically weighs between 85 to 110 pounds (38 to 50 kg)​​.

Overall, male Cane Corsos are slightly larger and heavier than females. Both genders are known for their muscular build and powerful appearance, which are characteristic of the breed. Regular exercise and proper nutrition are essential to maintain their health and size.

Cane Corso Puppy Weight Chart

Cane Corso puppies grow rapidly in their first year, and their weight can vary significantly depending on their genetics, diet, and overall health. Here is an approximate weight range for Cane Corso puppies at different stages:

Age (Months)Male Weight (lbs)Female Weight (lbs)
16 – 125.4 – 10.9
220 – 3018 – 28
330 – 4028 – 38
440 – 5038 – 48
550 – 6048 – 58
660 – 8050 – 70
770 – 9060 – 80
880 – 10070 – 90
990 – 11080 – 100
1095 – 11585 – 105
11100 – 12090 – 110
12105 – 12595 – 115
Cane Corso weight by month (by gender)


  • Growth Rates: Cane Corsos grow rapidly in their first year. It’s important to provide a balanced diet and regular veterinary check-ups to monitor their health.
  • Variation: Individual puppies may vary from these averages. Genetics, diet, and exercise all play significant roles in their development.
  • Health Monitoring: Regular weight checks and maintaining an appropriate growth rate are crucial to prevent health issues like hip dysplasia and other joint problems.

Ensuring that your Cane Corso puppy has a balanced diet, proper exercise, and regular veterinary care will help them grow into healthy adults. For more specific growth tracking and personalized care, consult with your veterinarian.

Cane Corso Colors

Cane Corsos come in a variety of colors, which are recognized by major breed standards. The most common colors include:

  1. Black: Solid black coats.
  2. Gray (Blue): Ranging from light gray to slate gray.
  3. Fawn: Light tan to dark deer-red.
  4. Red: Ranging from a light red to a deep mahogany.
  5. Chestnut Brindle: A mix of chestnut base with darker stripes.
  6. Gray Brindle: Gray with darker stripes.
  7. Black Brindle: Black base with lighter, sometimes almost invisible, stripes.
  8. Formentino: Light fawn with a gray mask and gray overlay on the back.

Brindle patterns and masks on the face are common, and the intensity and shade of the colors can vary widely within the breed.

Cane Corso Image

Below is an image of a black Cane Corso puppy:

Cane Corso Grooming

Cane Corsos have relatively low grooming needs, but regular care is essential to keep them healthy and looking their best. Here are the main aspects of Cane Corso grooming:

Coat Care

  • Brushing: Cane Corsos have a short, double-layered coat that should be brushed weekly to remove loose hair and minimize shedding. Use a natural bristle brush or a grooming mitt.
  • Bathing: Bathe your Cane Corso every three months or as needed using a mild dog shampoo. Over-bathing can strip the coat of natural oils.
  • Shedding: They shed moderately throughout the year, with heavier shedding periods in spring and fall. Extra brushing during these times can help manage the shed hair.

Nail Care

  • Trimming: Trim your dog’s nails regularly, typically once a month, to prevent overgrowth and splitting. If you can hear their nails clicking on the floor, it’s time for a trim.

Dental Care

  • Brushing: Brush your Cane Corso’s teeth several times a week to prevent tartar buildup and dental diseases. Use dog-specific toothpaste and a soft toothbrush.

Ear Care

  • Cleaning: Check and clean your dog’s ears weekly to prevent infections. Use a vet-recommended ear cleaner and cotton balls.

Eye Care

  • Checking: Regularly check your Cane Corso’s eyes for signs of irritation or infection. Clean any discharge with a damp cloth.

Special Considerations

  • Skin Checks: Regularly inspect your dog’s skin for signs of irritation, parasites, or infections. Early detection can prevent more serious health issues.
  • Professional Grooming: While Cane Corsos are easy to groom at home, occasional visits to a professional groomer can help keep their coat and nails in top condition.


The Cane Corso is a remarkable breed known for its loyalty, intelligence, and protective nature. Originating from ancient Roman times, these dogs have evolved to become reliable companions and formidable guardians. With a muscular build and powerful presence, Cane Corsos are both impressive and imposing. They require consistent training, socialization, and exercise to thrive, making them best suited for experienced dog owners. Regular grooming and veterinary care are essential to maintain their health and well-being. Whether as a family protector or a loyal friend, the Cane Corso’s dedication and versatility make it a treasured addition to any home.

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