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The Dachshund, often affectionately known as the “sausage dog,” is a small, lively breed characterized by its long body and short legs. Originating from Germany, Dachshunds were initially bred to hunt small game such as rabbits and badgers, utilizing their keen sense of smell and bold, tenacious nature. Renowned for their playful and energetic disposition, they make excellent companions and loyal family pets. Despite their small stature, Dachshunds possess a strong-willed and independent temperament, requiring regular exercise and mental stimulation to keep them happy and healthy. This breed is versatile and comes in three coat varieties: smooth, long-haired, and wire-haired, each adding to their unique charm and appeal.


The Dachshund, with its distinctive long body and short legs, has a rich history that dates back to 15th century Germany. Originally bred to hunt badgers, the breed’s name translates to “badger dog” in German. Over time, Dachshunds were developed into two sizes: standard and miniature. The standard size was used primarily for hunting larger animals such as badgers, while the miniature was bred to hunt smaller prey like rabbits.

The smooth-coated Dachshund was the first variety to emerge, created from a mix of a miniature French pointer and a pinscher. As the breed evolved, it maintained its hunting prowess and versatility, becoming a favored companion for hunters. The Dachshund’s popularity extended beyond Germany, and the breed was officially recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1885.

Today, Dachshunds are cherished not only for their unique appearance and spirited personality but also for their historical role as skilled hunters.

Smooth Coated Dachschund

The Smooth-Coated Dachshund is a charming and dynamic member of the Dachshund family, recognized for its sleek, short coat and lively personality. Their coats require minimal grooming—regular brushing with a soft bristle brush and occasional baths are typically sufficient to maintain their sleek appearance.

Long-Haired Dachshund

The Smooth-Coated Dachshund is a charming and dynamic member of the Dachshund family, recognized for its sleek, short coat and lively personality. Originating in Germany, this breed was developed to hunt small game, such as badgers and rabbits, thanks to its strong scent-trailing abilities and fearless nature. Smooth-Coated coats require minimal grooming—regular brushing with a soft bristle brush and occasional baths are typically sufficient to maintain their sleek appearance.

Wired-Haired Dachshund

The Wire-Haired Dachshund is a distinctive and hardy variant of the Dachshund breed, characterized by its dense, rough coat and energetic personality. Originally bred in Germany, this breed was designed to hunt small game.

Wire-Haired Dachshunds are known for their unique coat, which requires regular grooming to prevent matting and maintain its texture. They typically have bushy eyebrows and a beard, adding to their distinctive appearance. Their coats also provide excellent protection from the elements, making them well-suited for outdoor activities.

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Dachshund Temperament

The Dachshund possesses a temperament that is as unique as its appearance. These dogs are intelligent, curious, and lively, making them both playful and adventurous companions. Despite their small size, Dachshunds are known for their bold and sometimes stubborn nature, which can make training a bit challenging.

Loyal and affectionate, Dachshunds form strong bonds with their families and are known to be very protective. They can be wary of strangers and sometimes show a fearless attitude, which harks back to their origins as hunting dogs. While generally good with children, their interactions with other pets can vary, and they might require careful socialization to ensure harmonious relationships.

Overall, Dachshunds are spirited, loving, and loyal dogs, making them delightful companions for those who appreciate their unique character and are willing to invest time in their training and socialization.

Dachshund Price

The price of a Dachshund dog breed can vary significantly based on factors such as location, pedigree, coat color, and breeder reputation. The average cost of a Dachshund puppy typically ranges from $1,500 to $3,000 in states like California and other Western regions of the United States. This price can be higher for Dachshunds with rare coat colors or from champion bloodlines, sometimes reaching up to $5,000.

In addition to the initial purchase price, potential owners should also consider the annual cost of maintaining a Dachshund, which includes expenses for food, grooming, veterinary care, and other necessities. These ongoing costs can add up, making it important for prospective owners to plan accordingly.

Overall, while Dachshunds are a relatively affordable breed compared to some others, it’s essential to ensure that any purchase is made from a reputable breeder who prioritizes the health and well-being of their dogs.

Dachshund Life Expectancy

The Dachshund, a small yet robust breed, is known for its impressive lifespan. On average, Dachshunds live between 12 to 16 years, with many even reaching up to 20 years old. This longevity is relatively common among smaller dog breeds, and Dachshunds have consistently been recognized for their long life expectancy.

Factors contributing to their long lifespan include their genetic makeup and generally strong health, although they are prone to certain health issues such as intervertebral disc disease (IVDD) due to their elongated spine. Proper care, regular veterinary check-ups, a balanced diet, and adequate exercise can help maintain their health and extend their lifespan.

Overall, with attentive care, Dachshunds can be long-lived and cherished companions, often exceeding the average lifespan of many other breeds.

Common Health Issues

The Dachshund is prone to several health issues that prospective owners should be aware of. As previous mentioned one of the most common and serious conditions affecting Dachshunds is Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD), which arises due to their elongated spine and can lead to severe pain, mobility issues, or even paralysis.

Obesity is another significant concern for Dachshunds, as it can exacerbate spinal problems and lead to other health issues such as diabetes and heart disease. Dental problems are also prevalent in this breed, making regular dental care essential.

Additionally, Dachshunds can suffer from progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), a hereditary condition that leads to blindness. Regular veterinary check-ups, a balanced diet, and proper exercise are crucial in managing these health concerns and ensuring a healthy and happy life for Dachshunds.

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Dachshund Size

The Dachshund comes in two main sizes: standard and miniature. Standard Dachshunds typically weigh between 16 and 32 pounds, with a height of about 8 to 9 inches at the shoulder. On the other hand, miniature Dachshunds weigh 11 pounds or less and stand around 5 to 6 inches tall at the shoulder.

In terms of length, Dachshunds can measure anywhere from 16 to 32 inches from the nose to the base of the tail, depending on their size and body type. The breed’s distinctive build, with short, strong legs and a long, muscular body, was originally designed to help them navigate burrows while hunting small game.

This versatile size range allows Dachshunds to be suitable for various living environments, from apartments to larger homes, making them a popular choice for many dog lovers.

Dachshund Puppy Weight Chart

Standard Dachshund Puppy Weight Chart (in pounds)

MonthMale Weight (lbs)Female Weight (lbs)
12.0 – 3.51.8 – 3.0
23.0 – 5.02.5 – 4.5
34.5 – 7.54.0 – 7.0
46.0 – 10.05.5 – 9.0
58.0 – 12.07.0 – 11.0
610.0 – 15.09.0 – 14.0
712.0 – 18.011.0 – 16.0
814.0 – 20.013.0 – 18.0
916.0 – 22.015.0 – 20.0
1018.0 – 24.017.0 – 22.0
1120.0 – 26.019.0 – 24.0
1222.0 – 28.021.0 – 26.0

Miniature Dachshund Puppy Weight Chart (in pounds)

MonthMale Weight (lbs)Female Weight (lbs)
11.0 – 1.50.8 – 1.3
21.5 – 2.51.3 – 2.0
32.5 – 3.52.0 – 3.0
43.0 – 4.52.5 – 3.5
53.5 – 5.53.0 – 4.5
64.0 – 6.53.5 – 5.0
74.5 – 7.54.0 – 5.5
85.0 – 8.54.5 – 6.0
95.5 – 9.05.0 – 6.5
106.0 – 9.55.5 – 7.0
116.5 – 10.06.0 – 7.5
127.0 – 11.06.5 – 8.0

These weight ranges are based on typical growth patterns and may vary slightly depending on individual dogs.

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Dachshund Colors

The Dachshund dog breed is known for its variety of beautiful coat colors and patterns. According to the American Kennel Club (AKC), Dachshunds come in several base colors, including red, cream, black and tan, black and cream, chocolate and tan, blue and tan, and fawn (Isabella) and tan.

In addition to these base colors, Dachshunds can also exhibit various patterns. The most common patterns are dapple, double dapple, brindle, sable, and piebald. Each of these patterns can appear on any of the base colors, adding to the breed’s diverse and striking appearance.

Specific combinations such as black and cream, chocolate and tan, and red are particularly popular among enthusiasts. The wild boar color is another unique option, typically characterized by a mix of dark and light hairs that give a distinctive appearance.

The wide range of colors and patterns in Dachshunds makes them one of the most visually diverse breeds, appealing to many dog lovers for both their looks and spirited personality.

Image of Dachshund

Cute dachshund looking directly into the camera

Dachshund Grooming Needs

The grooming needs of the Dachshund dog breed vary significantly based on the type of coat they have: smooth, long-haired, or wire-haired. Each coat type requires different levels of maintenance and care.

Smooth-Coated Dachshunds

Smooth-coated Dachshunds have a sleek, short coat that is relatively low-maintenance. Regular brushing with a soft bristle brush or a grooming glove once a week is sufficient to keep their coat healthy and shiny. These Dachshunds also benefit from occasional baths to maintain cleanliness.

Long-Haired Dachshunds

Long-haired Dachshunds require more frequent grooming due to their long, wavy fur. Daily brushing with a pin or bristle brush is recommended to prevent tangles and mats. Regular trimming, especially around the ears, feet, and tail, helps maintain a neat appearance. Long-haired Dachshunds typically need a bath about once a month to keep their coat in good condition.

Wire-Haired Dachshunds

Wire-haired Dachshunds have a dense, rough coat that requires regular grooming. Weekly brushing with a slicker brush or a comb helps remove dead hair and prevents matting. Wire-haired Dachshunds also need hand-stripping several times a year to remove dead hairs and maintain the texture of their coat. This process can be done by a professional groomer or trained owner.

Overall, regardless of coat type, all Dachshunds benefit from regular grooming to keep their coats clean and healthy, and to ensure their skin remains free from irritations and infections.


The Dachshund is a distinctive and beloved breed known for its long body, short legs, and spirited personality. Originally developed in Germany to hunt badgers and other small animals, Dachshunds are courageous and determined, traits that stem from their hunting heritage. Despite their small size, they are vigilant watchdogs with a surprisingly loud bark and a fearless nature.

Dachshunds are intelligent, loyal, and make excellent family pets, but they can also be independent and occasionally stubborn. Their unique physical traits, coupled with their lively and affectionate demeanor, make them a favorite among dog enthusiasts. Proper care, including regular exercise and grooming tailored to their coat type, is essential to maintain their health and happiness.

In conclusion, the Dachshund’s blend of unique physical characteristics, tenacious spirit, and loving nature makes it a remarkable and cherished breed.

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